Our history

“With the advent of NewSpace and the IoT (Internet of Things), the CNES (French Space Agency) and CLS (Collecte, Localisation, Satellites) created Kinéis in 2018 to democratise Argos technology and extend it to the entire IoT market.
Kinéis is convinced that providing easy and everywhere access to useful satellite data will simplify and multiply the uses of professionals and individuals.”

ARGOS history

Kinéis satellite IoT connectivity inherits from the ARGOS system, which started in 1978 as a French-American cooperation involving CNES (French Space Agency) and NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), with support from NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).

In 1986, CLS (Collecte Localisation Satellites) is created by CNES as a subsidiary to exclusively operate, maintain and commercialize the ARGOS system.
In 2006, Eumetsat (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) joins the Operations Committee, later followed by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization).
In 2019, Kinéis is created by CLS and CNES to take over the operation of the ARGOS system.
In 2020, Kinéis announces an historic fundraising of 100M€ for the development, production and launch into orbit of 25 nanosatellites, installation of 20 ground stations around the globe and upgrade of the IT infrastructures for this renewed system.
In 2023, this new system will be operational and will thus complete the ARGOS system.

Since 1978, the ARGOS system has evolved to include new features in terms of:

  • Frequency & capacity: extended frequency range used for data collection
  • Uplink capabilities: improved modulations and bit rate
  • Enhanced Doppler location calculations, providing integrity and GPS-free location
  • Downlink capabilities: introduction of the downlink capability and further improvement

As a result, three generations are coexisting today: ARGOS 2, ARGOS 3 and ARGOS 4.
The ARGOS system through CLS services is dedicated to studying, monitoring, and protecting our planet’s environment via data collection from various devices around the world. Kinéis expands those activities and open new services for new applications with its IoT connectivity and a develops a new product line to facilitate its integration.

More info

To develop, build and launch its future constellation of 25 nano-satellites, Kinéis has surrounded itself with the same team that developed France’s first industrial nano-satellite, and is thus participating in the growth of the sector.


CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales) is the public establishment responsible for proposing French space policy to the Government and implementing it in Europe. It designs and puts satellites in orbit and invents the space systems of tomorrow; it promotes the emergence of new services that are useful in everyday life. CNES, created in 1961, initiates major space projects, launchers and satellites and is the natural partner of industry for pushing innovation. CNES has nearly 2,500 employees, men and women who are passionate about space, which opens up infinite, innovative fields of application; it intervenes in five areas: the Ariane launcher, scientific research, observation, telecommunications and defence. CNES is a major player in technological innovation, economic development and industrial policy in France. It also establishes scientific partnerships and is involved in numerous international projects. France, represented by CNES, is the main contributor to the European Space Agency (ESA).

Thales Alenia Space

Drawing on over 40 years of experience and a unique combination of skills, expertise and cultures, Thales Alenia Space delivers cost-effective solutions for telecommunications, navigation, Earth observation, environmental management, exploration, science and orbital infrastructures. Governments and private industry alike count on Thales Alenia Space to design satellite-based systems that provide anytime, anywhere connections and positioning, monitor our planet, enhance management of its resources, and explore our Solar System and beyond. Thales Alenia Space sees space as a new horizon, helping to build a better, more sustainable life on Earth. A joint venture between Thales (67%) and Leonardo (33%), Thales Alenia Space also teams up with Telespazio to form the parent companies’ Space Alliance, which offers a complete range of services. Thales Alenia Space posted consolidated revenues of approximately 2.15 billion euros in 2019 and has around 7,700 employees in nine countries.


HEMERIA is a major player in the space industry. HEMERIA designs and manufactures first-class space products that meet the needs of corporate and scientific customers in commercial, defence and safety applications. HEMERIA develops high-performance nanosatellites giving non-technical professionals a fast, competitive and efficient access to space. HEMERIA is also one of the top three European suppliers of panels, thermal protections and interconnection devices for bigger satellites.


CLS, a subsidiary of CNES and CNP, is an international company that has been leading the way in Earth observation and monitoring solutions since 1986. Its vision is to design and deploy innovative solutions to enable us to understand and protect our planet and manage its resources in a sustainable way. The company supports the international community in its effort to understand the past, observe the present and prepare for the future. Its resilient solutions provide keys to enable strategic stakeholders to adapt and address the climate and environmental challenges we are facing.
Its systems also make it possible to assess the impact of industrial and economic activities on the environment. CLS employs 720 people at its headquarters in Toulouse and 24 other sites around the world. The company operates in five strategic business sectors: environmental monitoring and climate, sustainable fisheries management, fleet management, energy, mining and infrastructure, and maritime safety.
The CLS Group achieved a turnover of almost 135 million euros in 2019.